The concept of functional systems was mainly based on the study of motor behavior reactions. According to P. K. Anokhin, starting stimulus activity of an organism is the physical factor, which acts on the background of the situational afferentation during the synthesis process in the higher parts of the brain interfaced with congenital and acquired experience (memory) and the dominant motivation. On this basis there is a choice of one or more directed paths functioning of the body, called the decision an
The adopted program with the target unit (the acceptor of result of action) via efferent pathways delivers the Executive signal which actuates the working devices: occur muscle contraction,secretion of glands, etc. and Then from the relevant receptors in the acceptor of the action comes reverse afferentation message about the result of the act. If the latter does not reach the target fixture installation, then the reaction is repeated or adaptation is another way. Continue reading
Engaging in leisure activities, people strive to maintain and improve your health, increase efficiency, improve health, get a boost of optimism and good mood. But often, instead of tidal energy and pleasant emotions after a workout man haunted by muscle pain, cramps, feeling of weakness. The main reason for coming to physical exhaustion and accumulation of chronic fatigue is the inability to draw up a workout program. In addition, many lose sight of that for a quick recovery after the load is not less important proper rest.
Why you need a recovery period
During the sport becomes more active metabolism, which leads to an increase in the rate of oxygen consumption and energy, the rise in body temperature. As a result in the muscle tissue there is a deficiency of nutrients, and accumulate oxidized products, lamivudina in the blood and causetoxicity. This enhances the feeling of fatigue, weakness. Of particular significance is lactic acid. in high concentrations causing pain and twitching of individual muscle fibers. To compensate for the infringement, immediately increases the frequency and volume of respiration, blood flow velocity, increased sweating. But for full recovery after a workout the body needs about 3 days. Continue reading
One of the most important tasks of sports medicine is to ensure the physical health of persons engaged in physical exercises through the most effective use of own resources of the body and acceleration of regenerative processes after performing muscular work of various power and intensity. At present different methods are used to effectively estimate the solution to the above problems — modern instrumental Express-diagnostics of functional state of organism, pharmacological, physiological tests, enabling to monitor the physical status of individuals involved in sports, etc. Along with them is embedded and specialized products, obtained on the basis of the latest achievements of modern biological science. In our opinion, representative of this group is a highly effective dietary Supplement — “ Panto-len” — ultra-fine powder antler Altai maral ( certificate of state registration of № 18.104.22.168 At 12909 11.06 from 29.11.2006 G. THE 9358-001-7596883-2006). The effect of the drug ’ Ventolin” aimed at mobilizing internal reserves of the body, improve the microcirculation, increase endurance and efficiency, and speeds recovery of physiological functions after performing muscle overload. Continue reading
Load and rest as interrelated components of the process of exercise: the “external” and “internal” side of the load, volume and intensity as part of the load, recreation
Load – the impact of physical exercise on the human body, causing a strong reaction from its functional systems (V. N. Platonov, 1987).
Load – the number of exercises performed, the time spent on classes and other indicators. The load – response of the body to work.
For most physical exercise in their total load on the body adequately characterized by the following components (V. M. Zatsiorsky, 1966):
Intensity – the magnitude and direction of the impact of physical exercise on the human body (speed, pace). Changes in the intensity of exercise has a direct impact Continue reading
How to combine health care, the desire to be beautiful, constant lack of time, lack of exercise and a strict budget? Let’s not reinvent the wheel: many have solved this problem through the purchase of cardio equipment. This type of simulator is created, primarily, to train the cardiovascular and respiratory system (hence the common name of this type of simulators). It improves health, allows you to lose weight or simply stay in shape, without wasting time to go to gyms.
Of course, the purchase of cardio equipment requires a serious approach. Below we will discuss various types of cardio equipment on several parameters that are particularly important when it is selected for the house is:
• The effect of training. Information about which muscle group is developing a simulator, which givespower to the load. Because all of the cardio equipment is, by definition, strengthens the body, train the cardiovascular system and respiration. Therefore, the “pumping” of the muscles is secondary. But it is, and every kind of exercise equipment gives your external effect. Continue reading
It is known that regular physical activity and sports practice many organs and systems of the human body, which, of course, improves health and improves health.
The movement is a very important component of health. It stimulates many processes in the body. Child couldn’t grow into a full adult human if he did not commit such a huge amount of different movements.
In our body contains about 65% of liters of liquid, and it must be continuously circulated, so that the cells received all necessary materials, and waste is removed. The liver, kidneys, lungs, skin and intestines must be healthy and clean in time to eliminate the toxins.
The multiple increase circulation of fluids in the bodycontributes to the movement: running, walking, exercise. When we move, our muscles contract, the liquid is extruded into the blood stream, and venous blood moves to the heart.
Thanks to increased blood circulation and respiration, are emitted from the body the toxins of fatigue, resulting in the impact on human performance. Continue reading
How useful yoga?
Yoga charge for tranquility and balance. As a result of these classes, you will learn to breathe correctly and relax the muscles of the body. During the execution of asanas should take deep breaths. This increases the oxygen content in the blood and makes your condition more peaceful.
Yoga classes are a great tool for balance training and balance. After a month of daily practice you will feel that I can stand on one leg without support.
Yoga classes involve a great variety. Choosing yoga as a daily exercise, you will not be bored. After accumulating some experience, you will be able to perform a variety of asanas in yoga which a few thousand. In addition, yoga is quite simple to complicate the exercise and increase the load. Continue reading
The main advantages of morning exercise for weight loss are as follows:
morning exercise promote health and allow you to maintain excellent physical shape due to the adjustment and stabilization of weight;
daily charging increases the level of metabolic processes in the body and improves skin tone;
morning exercise for weight loss – for the lazy it: simple movements strengthen the back muscles, abdominals, arms, legs and help you maintain your weight at an acceptable level;
regular morning fitness ensures healthy sleep;
scientists have proved that the morning physical activity increases the level of mental abilities;
morning exercise good cheer, optimistic charges and promotes the production of endorphins – hormones of happiness.
The main thing is to start practicing, and soon you will appreciate the result of good morning exercise for weight loss.
The complex effective exercises for morning exercises Continue reading