The possibility of applying methods of mathematical modeling in the evaluation of human performance under high loads. As an example, used medical information about players in the Premier League of Russian
The possibility of applying methods of mathematical modeling in the evaluation of human performance under high loads. As an example, used medical information about players in the Premier League of Russian football.
The behavior of the human body in extreme physical activity is of great interest to various spheres of human activity. In order to perform their duties, the people working in such conditions (e.g., astronauts, pilots and rescuers) must be in good physical training. The athlete’s body adapts to systematic high (sometimes close to the limit) exercise, in connection with which changes and its physiology. Continue reading
Pregnant women are often advised to protect yourself from sports and other physical activities for all 9 months. Whether pregnant women and expectant mothers should limit mobility and physical activity?
Do we need physical activity to a pregnant woman
If there are no complications of the pregnant woman, moderate exercise and exercise even useful. This helps to maintain and strengthen the muscles and improve the blood circulation in the organs, and, most important, — in
the abdominal area, keeping the baby oxygen.
Special exercises train the muscles of the perineum and contribute to the development of proper breathing techniques in childbirth. In the process of training is the tensing and relaxing of specific muscle groups, which is useful for cervical dilatation and delivery. Physical activity will reduce possible complications in childbirth, will help in the future to come faster in the former form.
The concept of functional systems was mainly based on the study of motor behavior reactions. According to P. K. Anokhin, starting stimulus activity of an organism is the physical factor, which acts on the background of the situational afferentation during the synthesis process in the higher parts of the brain interfaced with congenital and acquired experience (memory) and the dominant motivation. On this basis there is a choice of one or more directed paths functioning of the body, called the decision an
The adopted program with the target unit (the acceptor of result of action) via efferent pathways delivers the Executive signal which actuates the working devices: occur muscle contraction,secretion of glands, etc. and Then from the relevant receptors in the acceptor of the action comes reverse afferentation message about the result of the act. If the latter does not reach the target fixture installation, then the reaction is repeated or adaptation is another way. Continue reading
Any heart surgery, including coronary artery bypass, must be accompanied by a rehabilitation period, which will enhance the outcome and support the body in proper shape. Otherwise all the doctors ‘ efforts may be in vain.
Also important, and the period after the passage of the rehabilitation that requires patient adherence to the rules of the diet, a special diet and a specific program of physical activity, the goal being to maintain
muscle tissue in good shape.
The essence of rehabilitation
The whole process of rehabilitation after CABG may take three to five months and contain a whole individual complexes of events. Such complexes include the preparation of an individualized plan for a particular person with all the characteristicsof the organism. Also provides for regular physical exercises with clear allocation of specific parts of the body and the entire body. Continue reading
Engaging in leisure activities, people strive to maintain and improve your health, increase efficiency, improve health, get a boost of optimism and good mood. But often, instead of tidal energy and pleasant emotions after a workout man haunted by muscle pain, cramps, feeling of weakness. The main reason for coming to physical exhaustion and accumulation of chronic fatigue is the inability to draw up a workout program. In addition, many lose sight of that for a quick recovery after the load is not less important proper rest.
Why you need a recovery period
During the sport becomes more active metabolism, which leads to an increase in the rate of oxygen consumption and energy, the rise in body temperature. As a result in the muscle tissue there is a deficiency of nutrients, and accumulate oxidized products, lamivudina in the blood and causetoxicity. This enhances the feeling of fatigue, weakness. Of particular significance is lactic acid. in high concentrations causing pain and twitching of individual muscle fibers. To compensate for the infringement, immediately increases the frequency and volume of respiration, blood flow velocity, increased sweating. But for full recovery after a workout the body needs about 3 days. Continue reading
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The concept of “physical activity” shows the obvious fact that any of the exercises connected with the transition energy of the body functioning at a higher than at rest, level.
If you take the amount of energy in the supine position “1”, then a slow
walk at a speed of 3 km/h will increase the metabolism in 3 times, and running with acropetally speed and similar exercises in 10 and more times.
Thus, the exercise requires a higher, relative to its rest position power consumption. The difference that occurs in energy consumption between the state of motor activity (e.g. walking, running) and the rest refers to the physical Continue reading
Morning exercise. First, do no harm!
Morning exercises should give vivacity and good mood for the whole day. However, to achieve such an effect should follow some important principles.
Make a set for myself
First of all, it is not necessary to repeat common mistakes and confused morning exercises and intense physical training . Experts do not recommend
heavy exercise in the morning. Even running adults are advised to postpone until the evening hours.
The second principle follows from the first. In complex morning exercises should include exercises for flexibility and mobility, and a set of breathing exercises. This will allow the body to quickly deal with the inevitable after sleep intoxication, to intensify all the processes of life, speed up metabolism, lymph and blood flow. In the morning of any exercises to develop strength and endurance, better to forget.
The third principle – with specificeski a set of requirements to the technique of exercise . To start the morning exercises is possible even in bed – smooth Continue reading
The main advantages of morning exercise for weight loss are as follows:
morning exercise promote health and allow you to maintain excellent physical shape due to the adjustment and stabilization of weight;
daily charging increases the level of metabolic processes in the body and improves skin tone;
morning exercise for weight loss – for the lazy it: simple movements strengthen the back muscles, abdominals, arms, legs and help you maintain your weight at an acceptable level;
regular morning fitness ensures healthy sleep;
scientists have proved that the morning physical activity increases the level of mental abilities;
morning exercise good cheer, optimistic charges and promotes the production of endorphins – hormones of happiness.
The main thing is to start practicing, and soon you will appreciate the result of good morning exercise for weight loss.
The complex effective exercises for morning exercises Continue reading
Swimming – is not a prerogative of athletes. It is considered an excellent therapeutic and prophylactic agent. They are useful not only for athletes or lovers of free sailing, but also to people burdened by cardiovascular disease. the owner of a broken metabolism, those who have back problems .
Workout in the pool begins with a warm-up that includes effective set of exercises that are performed on the “land”. People who cannot
swim slowly, gradually taught to float, conducting training in the paddling pool. Then help to master the technique of sliding on the back and chest.
However, it is not always swimming benefits. For example, if you swim crawl or Dolphin style, you can trigger the progression of spinal curvature. Therefore, classes of therapeutic swimming accompanied by strict medical control, through which exercise can bring no harm . and significant benefits. Continue reading
Balanced diet — the first step to a beautiful figure and health. Keep a food diary, writing down what you eat or drink during the day. If you feel boring to write the names of food and drinks in the notebook, download the app to your smartphone, which not only remembers what and when you eat, but will consider calories. Among these: “calorie Calculator”, “noco calories”, My food diary, diet Diary”, Lifesum, and others.
And most importantly, remember that no chemical reaction in the body cannot happen without water. Metabolism in this respect no exception, so as to maintain it in a constant state of activity, you needto drink enough water. The calculation of consumption – 40ml per 1 kg of body weight per day. Half the liquid should come for drinks and the other half with food.
Remember that hydrate the body with all the drinks, as they 85-99% water. But don’t forget to monitor the amount of sugar in them – carbohydrates are necessary, but in reasonable amounts. Continue reading