regulation

Recovery from overtraining

Overtraining is a physiological condition in which there is a violation of the fitness of the human body after a regular physical stress. Overtraining is accompanied by the appearance of fatigue and decreased ability to perform physical exercise. What are the disorders on the physiological level are evolving state of overtraining? What are the consequences of the consequences of such conditions and whether they can lead to poor health? How to provide for the body’s recovery from overtraining?

Overtraining occurs most frequently in a systematic and excessive pace training in sports and fitness clubs in those who had not previously received such exercise. In people who have not yet adapted to the increased motor activity in sports, recovery after intense workouts cannot provide full replenish energy in the body and maintain the health of muscle fibers. When this physiological condition is violated, the activity of the whole organism. Particularly vulnerable to such danger nervous and cardiovascular systems.

There are several varieties of overtraining. Continue reading

Neurohumoral regulation of muscle activity. The influence of hormones on muscle

The concept of functional systems was mainly based on the study of motor behavior reactions. According to P. K. Anokhin, starting stimulus activity of an organism is the physical factor, which acts on the background of the situational afferentation during the synthesis process in the higher parts of the brain interfaced with congenital and acquired experience (memory) and the dominant motivation. On this basis there is a choice of one or more directed paths functioning of the body, called the decision an

adaptive character.

The adopted program with the target unit (the acceptor of result of action) via efferent pathways delivers the Executive signal which actuates the working devices: occur muscle contraction,secretion of glands, etc. and Then from the relevant receptors in the acceptor of the action comes reverse afferentation message about the result of the act. If the latter does not reach the target fixture installation, then the reaction is repeated or adaptation is another way. Continue reading

Adaptation to physical loads

Physical health can be improved in the process of the sport and by means of physical culture. And in that and in other case it will change, and all these changes will lead to three main:

— first of all, improve the physique, increase the amount of muscle mass, reduced amount of fat, change posture;

— secondly, improvement;

and thirdly, increase the level of physical fitness, pryobretaetsya endurance, speed and power quality, coordination ability and flexibility.

These changes, called adaptation, can occur under the influence of any exercise. There are three types of adaptive changes:

– short-term adaptation, the essence of which are adaptive changes in the human body during exercise or immediately after their completion;

– current adaptation, the indicator of which is the magnitudeof the daily fluctuations in the level of the physical condition of man. Any stress (physical, mental) impact on the human condition. Even a healthy person feels the changes in his condition, the more noticeable they are people with different disabilities in health; Continue reading

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